Clinical Performance

  • Fewer infections: 69% reduced infection rate compared with catheters1
  • Superior Dialysis Adequacy: 1.7Kt/V, a 16% to 32% improvement compared with catheters1
  • High Patency Rates: Up to 87% cumulative patency at 2 years1,2
  • Cost Savings: A 23% average savings per year compared with catheters3


A bibliography is available on the Publications page.

1Katzman, MD, et al., J Vasc Surg 2009. 2Gage et al., EJVES 2012. 3Dageforde et al., JSR 2012. 4IFU: Comparisons to catheters and AVGs are from literature review on file. 5 Dhingra et al., Kidney Int 2001. 6 2006 NKF KDOQI, Guideline 4.